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EEA unemployment benefits

If you have been employed and insured against unemployment in Denmark and become unemployed in another EEA country, you may transfer your periods of employment and unemployment insurance from Denmark to the other EEA country.

Your periods of employment and unemployment insurance in Denmark may be used to meet the conditions of the other EEA country concerning entitlement to benefits during unemployment.

Unemployment insurance in Denmark

The Danish unemployment insurance system is a voluntary insurance scheme. If you want to be insured against unemployment while working in Denmark, you have to join an unemployment insurance fund in Denmark. Once you have joined an unemployment insurance fund, you must pay contributions.

It is also possible to be a member of an unemployment insurance fund as a self-employed person.

Covered by the unemployment insurance system in one EEA country at a time

You can only be covered by the unemployment insurance system in one EEA country at a time. The main rule is that you have to be covered by the unemployment insurance system of the country in which you work. If you plan to travel to another EEA country to seek work, to work or while being unemployed, you must contact your unemployment insurance fund for information and guidance before you go. If you are incorrectly insured, it may have an impact on any subsequent entitlement to benefits. 

Transferring periods of employment and unemployment insurance between EEA countries

If you have been employed and insured against unemployment in Denmark and become unemployed in another EEA country, you may transfer your periods of employment and unemployment insurance from Denmark to the other EEA country. These may be used to meet the conditions of the other country concerning entitlement to benefits during unemployment.

These periods of employment and/or unemployment insurance can be confirmed on a PD U1 document.

You can apply for a PD U1 document by using application form EEA 4.1 and sending it to the Danish unemployment insurance fund where you were last a member.

Download form EEA 4.1, application for document PD U1 (PDF) (new window)

You can also ask your former employer to submit the information on virk.dk or fill in application form EØS 7 and send it to the unemployment insurance fund instead of application form EEA 4.1. This will reduce case processing time of your PD U1 with the unemployment insurance fund.

If you have not been a member of a Danish unemployment insurance fund, the Danish Agency for Labour Market and Recruitment can confirm your periods of employment in Denmark on a PD U1. 

In order to have a Danish PD U1 issued, you must have carried out work in Denmark. If you have not carried out work in Denmark but in another EEA country, you must have been covered by Danish social security legislation during your period of employment in order for a PD U1 document to be issued. If you are posted by your Danish employer in another EEA country, you may still be covered by Danish social security legislation if you meet the conditions. 

Udbetaling Danmark decides whether you are covered by Danish social security legislation during your posting. In these cases, Udbetaling Denmark decides whether an E 101 / A1 document can be issued. If you are not a national of another EEA country, you will, in some cases, not be eligible for a PD U1.

Sidst opdateret 9. mar 2017