The reform's objective is to improve the level of education of unemployed persons through vocational training and education initiatives.
In the employment reform of 2014, there was a focus on vocational training and education to ensure an overall improvement of the level of education of those unemployed people with the smallest skill sets.
Low-skilled and skilled unemployed people who are members of an unemployment insurance fund have the right to six weeks vocational training from the first day of unemployment. This training is mainly offered via the AMU programmes (AMU programmes are targeted at low-skilled and skilled workers), which provide participants with skills and competences applicable in the labour market, and are primarily directed at specific sectors and job functions.
Through 11 continuing training and education committees, each responsible for a specific sector of the labour market, social partners play a major role in determining which specific adult vocational training programmes are offered.
From 2015 onwards DKK 100 million have been made available to PES/job centres with which to purchase short vocational training programmes for all unemployed persons. To ensure that these short vocational training programmes are tailored to the demand of the labour market, it is up to the social partners in the eight Regional Labour Market Councils (RAR) to decide what kind of short vocational training programmes PES/job centres are permitted to finance from the additional funding pool.
From August 2015 onwards, unskilled unemployed people over the age of 30 receiving unemployment benefits will be given the chance to apply for and complete one of the 107 vocational training programmes (VET). These programmes must be made available within the benefit period of two years, and there must be a specific agreement between the unemployed individual and the PES/job centre.
The unemployed will be given the opportunity to follow the new VET programs for adults aged 25 or older (EUV). These programmes build on the prior learning and skills of the unemployed.
The unemployed will have to “pay” for these vocational programmes with a cut in their unemployment benefit. A loan is offered to allow unemployed people to draw the full rate of benefit for the duration of their course of education. This loan is to be repaid upon completion of the course of education.
From 2015, unemployed people over the age of 30 will be eligible for an assessment of their non-formal and informal competences. The aim of this is to give credit for competencies acquired through education, on the labour market or from activities pursued in one's spare time. Recognition of prior learning by competence assessment programmes (RKV) will also support the composition of an individual training plan for the participant, including one or several adult vocational training programmes. The participant may already have credits equivalent to a completed adult vocational training programme or elements of one.